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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  January 18, 2010 7:00am-7:30am EST

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>> bbc world news is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now bbc world news. >> this is bbc world news today. i'm lucy hockings. in haiti, the wait for aid goes o. haitians are patient, but some are turning to looting and violence in order to survive. rescue teams are still finding people alive amidst the rubble, but 200,000 may have died. this hour's other top stories, kabul under siege. bomb blasts and gun fights as
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militants strike at the heart of the afghan capital. chile elects a conservative president for the first time since the end of general pinochet's regime. and after a year in office, has president obama delivered? he speaks to the people of baltimore. >> 0,000 people already buried, possibly 200,000 people dead. haiti's government lays a staggering estimate for the casualtyless from the earthquake. rescue and aid operations are still severely restricted. thousands of u.s. troops are being sent on to the street of the capital of port-au-prince to help the aid operations. u.n. secretary general bank ki-moon has appealed to trust railt haitians over efforts to deliver relief. food and water are finally reaching some parts of the capital, port-au-prince. relief efforts are still being
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slowed by bottlenecks. estimates of the numbers killed by the earthquake now ranging from 50,000 to at least 200,000. large numbers of earthquake survivors are having to fend for themselves, had m are trying to leave the city. there are security concerns amid reports of looting and violence. we hear now from our correspondent, who was in port-au-prince. just to warn you, you may find some scenes in his report graphic. >> haiti is in agony. but some help is slowly getting through. international medical teams are working round the clock here while the injured wait their turn. inside the deark rooms, they carry out surgery by torch light, while elsewhere, they treat them on the floor. it's basic, but it's all they can do. >> don't really have the
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strength that i can give them. for pain, i'm just doing the best that i can. we have piles of people outside. they trial get in here still, so we're trying to get people out the door as quickly as possible. >> this is a world away from the desperate scenes in this very place, a day after the earthquake, when the hospital echoed with the screams of the injured. when i waed along this corridor 24 hours after the earthquake, there was nothing, no doctors, no medicine, just the dying and the dead. help didn't arrive quickly enough, but it is here now, and it's making a differenceor these people. but they can't save 9-year-old stephanie. she was crushed under a wall. her father says she will die, that the hospital doesn't have the right equipment. others, though, like rosa, will survive. they need a lot more help here,
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but at least some is finally getting through. matthew price, bbc news, port-au-prince. >> the earthquake in haiti has led to an unexpected new use for the american military base at guantanamo bay in cuba. it still houses around 200,000 prisoners captured during the so-called war on terror is now being used's a staging post for personnel -- staging post for personal and relief supplies. >> guantanamo bay is synonymous with america's war on terr, but it's now front and center in the humanitarian war to fight the aftermath of the eartuake in haiti. you can just see here a c-130 transport plane arriving from the u.s. mainland delivering supplies of food and water, which are being taken by plane and helicopter, both directly into the haitian capital, port-au-prince, and also to the u.s.s. carl vincent, one of the largest warships in the world, which is now anchored in waters
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off haiti and is potentially becoming a logical air force for supplies going in and out. coming the other way, american personnel and citizens have been evacuated from haiti here to guantanamo bay. some have received hospital treatment and then been sent onward to the u.s. mainland. and potentially there is one other fascinating use of this base. there is a possibility, according to the u.s. military, that were there to be refugee crisis in haiti, that this base could become a temporary home to up to 10,000 people who would be housed in temporary tents here in guantanamo bay. nothing definite that i've heard yet, but it is a possibility, according to officials here. >> we can take you live now to the haitian capital, port-au-prince. we can join our colleague who is covering events and the aid effort there.
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george? >> lucy, thank you. and good afternoon from port-au-prince. this capital city now the scene of one of the worst humanitarian crises for decades , not my verdict, but that of the u.n. ject general, who was here yesterday making his first visit, giving himself chance to see the devastation for himself. this is a high-profile crisis now. former president bill clinton is due here. he is, of course, the u.n.'s special envoy to this country, and it gives some idea of the way in which the international community has been galvanized. it's nearly a week auto, of course, from the earthquake, and there are plenty of people here around me who would tell you that that is too late. but nonetheless, as i think we heard from matthew price's report, aid is coming in. it's a case now of distributing it and making an assessment of exactly what needs to be done and who needs to get the help
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first. that's the challenge for relief workers, and i have one of them with me here. it's doctorate from the aid organization -- it's a doctor from the aid organization, plan. thank you for being with us, doctor. firstly, what's your assessment of what you've found here? >> i think this is one of the worst earthquakes which we have ever seen in the living memory. and for haiti, i believe that this is a disaster, the worst disaster in living memory, because thousands of people are here and they are going through one of the difficult times. it's like the whole country has been devastated and crippled. >> now, lots of the attention at the moment, is of course, naturally enough on the drama, on people who got physical injuries. you spent a lot of your time, your organization, with children, and you're coming across slightly different problems, aren't you? >> absolutely right. children are completely devastated and they're crippled. we acrime thousands of
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children, and when i was with the community for the rest of the evening, we came across a group of mothers who are complaining that they're getting up four to five times during the night, they are screaming, they are having nightmares, and what we need to remember is that thousands of children have lost their parents. they've lost their homes. they don't have enough food to eat. very limited water available. and they're also very anxious and worried when you talk to them. you can really see the fear in their eyes. children are extremely devastated, and putting children at the center of this earthquake response is absolutely critical to rebuild haiti. >> if you're talking about children and saying how -- in talking about how they've been affected, that surely means that this aid organization, if i can call it that, is not something that the week or months -- i mean, it must be something that's going to have to go on for years.
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>> absolutelyight. very limited area right now. and we have to really take the context of this country when we discuss about the relief and long-term, it it's one of the poorest countries in the world, very much mited help and education, and so the rebuilding this country is not going 100 meters. it's definitely going to remind, and building these back for the better and putting the haitians back on their feet is going take years. >> now, we've concentrated, both reporters and the aid community for this first week at least, very much on the capital city of haiti, but your organization has been to a province outside of the capital. >> port-au-prince, and we've been fortunate, because there has been media attention and some relief has slowly started to trickle in. but the plan has been in places like 11 hours by road from here, not much, nothing has reached so far. very limited aid has started reaching yesterday, so this is
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the fifth day peop have been spending. so what we believe, it is places like that which are not in the spotlight, which are not in the limelight, which will be the real epicenter of this humanitarian crisis. time is running out. they need support now. >> ok. we have to leave it there. thank you very much. so you have there, lucy, one aid organization's assessment of the problem here in haiti. >> george, frustration obviously building as people wait for aid, and we've seen some pictures of looting, unrest, some violence on the streets. how wide spread is that? >> lucy, i wouldn't say it's wide spread. of course, we can't go around the whole city, and there's no question about it, the people we work with, local people who are helping the bbc team here, have been v told us that some parts are dangerous. wanted to go out filming late last night, and there was no question about it, my helper here said absolutely not so.
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there is a tense situation. but i slightly -- i get slightly worried when people talk about looting. you know, they've been through a catastrophe. these are incredibly hungry people now. for a week, the shops have not been opened. they haven't had jobs and so on. so it's very, very difficult when we talk about looting that we don't then assume that it's criminality. i think, in many cases, it is desperation. of course, this is a place that has had criminal gangs in the past, and they may be coming into play. >> george, in amongst the death and the desperation, the horrible stories, but are people also telling you life-affirming stories, positive things coming out of this experience? >> well, the most positive things that you can possibly see -- and you're right. even we as reporters look at some of these things and are affected by them. but to see somebody being pulled out of the rubble and taken to hospital and talk to
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them, that was not my word actually. i watched one man being pulled out by an israeli team, and he said it was a miracle. so yes, there are these signs, and i think what what that does for people around here in the capital at any rate is to give them some hope. but i think as our guest was saying just now, hope is clearly not in us. the real challenge for the aid organizations, tharntse simply to get the aid in, frankly, i think just a little way down there, the airport, there's plenty of aid coming in. the challenge is to distribute that aid, and i think for this first week, united nations has, i think it would admit, struggled, because it itself is an organization that was a victim of this earthquake. its headquarters suffered it, the very people that might have organized the response are now not here. so i think that coordination, as we approach the second week of this chris, that's the thing that's going to make the difference. >> george, thanks for joining
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with us that updesperate port-au-prince. of course, you can get all the latest on the situation in haiti on our website, you'll find personal accounts of the battle for survival, diaries also from aid workers on the ground. the difcult nightmare is covered on the website, let's bring the rest of the day's news nousm the afghan interior ministry says six of the seven suspected suicide attackers behind an a addition attack in the heart of kabul has now been killed. huge explosions were heard as the insurgents opened fire in the heart of the city. reports say at least four soldiers and one civilian were also killed. dozens, though, have been injured. four of the attackers launched their attack at a shopping center near ther is even hotel and presidential palace. but security forces were continuing to battle the militants. some government ministries also came under fire. afghan president hamid karzai says the security situation in the capital is now back under
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control. >> the fighting lasted more than four hours, pitched battles in the heart of kabul. the taliban directly challenging afghanistan's struggling democracy. security forces are moving in, they're dislodge gunmen from the roots of a building. it's not the first time, but this was a brazen and deadly attack on the capital's commercial and political plant. >> there was a suicide bomb, this says man who was injured, a big explosion, lots of people were wounded, i don't know how many. >> as fighting broke out in several different places, a taliban spokesman telephoned a news agency saying 20 suicide bombers had entered the city. shopping centers and commercial buildings were reported alight. a car bomb exploded near the
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education ministry. a suicide bomber blew himself up near the presidential palace, and there was more. one afghan member of parliament monitored the fighting. >> one man with a very brand-new business suit came took over an ambulance and drove it to the center, the new commercial center, and then he ex-plodded himself and the ambulance. >> this was a day in which president hamid karzai was swearing in some new cabinet members. the country doesn't even yet have a full government, and the president made no secret about its precarious future. >> this is just one of the dangers. there are other things more danger sexruss could inflict more harm, both from within the country and outside. >> america's special envoy to afghanistan had just been in kabul and is now in india. he responded to the attack by
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warning of no early peace. >> they're desperate people, they're ruthless. the people doing this certainly will not survive at tack, nor will they succeed, but we can expect this sort of thing on a regular basis. >> five months after the elections and the government can't secure its own capital, eight years after the taliban was overthrown, afghanistan remains dangerous and unstable. >> zproops riot police are patrolling a nigerian city after fighting. reports say 26 people have been killed. the regional government has not confirmed the figures. a dusk to dawn curfew is now in court. the supreme court in burma is expected to hear a final appeal . she was sentenced last august to a further 18 months detention for allowing an
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uninvited american to visit and stay in her home. an earlier appeal was rejected by a lower court. somali pirates have freed an oil tanker that they've been holding in the indian ocean. it's one of the largest ships ever hijacked and was freed after a plane dropped more than $5 million in ransom on the deck. the vessel had been held since the end of november. this is world news today. stay with us. coming up -- chile's conservative president is the country's first central right leader since the end of general pinochet's regime. ukraine's famous orange revolution has been cast aside. five years after viktor yush she think owe appeared to your honorer in a new era, he has been beaten decisively in the presidential election. >> long before all the ballot papers were counted, the results were clear. voters have overwhelmingly rejected the man who was at the
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head of the mass demonstration on independence square in 2004. president viktor yush she think owe was widely blamed for five years of chaos and ineffective leadership. the main beneficiary of mr. yush she think owe's plummeting popularity has been the front-runner, viktor yanukovych. it's been a remarkable political transformation for him. five years ago he was portrayed as the villain of the orange revolution, tainted by allegations of vote rigging and open support from moscow. his rival is the current prime minister, yulia tymoshenko, once an ally, she helped propel yush she think owe to power during the ref ligse, but the pair soon family out, and she will hope to inherit his orange mantle. she'll need those votes if she wants to win in the second round. whoever becomes the next president, he or she will face a struggle to regain the trust of the ukrainian voters.
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many of the people are disillusioned with politician as cross the spectrum, who they see as fractious and corrupt while ordinary people suffer the effect of an economic cries. >> on the whole, i'm satisfied with the outcome election, ament the overall trend is not entirely correct. nobody is talking about the current economic crisis, and you cannot fight the crisis only with promises. >> they will also have to perform a delicate bancing act. both candidates say they favor closer ties with russia, while at the same time calling for integration with europe. gabriel gatehouse, bbc news in kiev. >> this is world news today from bbc world news. i'm lucy hockings. our main headlines -- lawlessness on the streets of haiti as earthquake victims are still having to fend for themselves because of insufficient aid.
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taliban militants mount a coordinated attack on the heart of the afghan capital, kabul. the people of chile have elected their first center to right president since the rule of president chin owe chet ended. sebastian pinera has pledged to fight crime and create one million jobs from. santiago, here's our report. >> in santiago, the supporters watched anxiously as the votes were counted across the country. from the icy grasses to the dry desert of northern chile, and when partial officials results confirmed a pinera win, the party began, going on into the night. sebastian pin air has won the presidential election, become the the first right wing since the pinochet era. he takes over from the flagging
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coalition, and he's been campaigning for change on a platform of fighting crime and creating jobs. he has four years to establish his presidency before the next election. and as you can see behind me, people, many people in chile, are very happy about that. inspect his victory speech, mr. pinera called on the left in power for two decades to help him strengthen chilean democracy. >> to have a good country, we need not only a good government, but also a good opposition, and i'm sure, because i know him and have known him for many years, we are going to have an opposition that is loyal, that will be constructive, that will be rigorous when they need to be, but have a scrktive spirit. that's how we're going to build a country for everyone. ought a the left have raised concerns about some of mr.
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pinera's advisors who had served in the government of general pinochet. but the voters seem to have lied to mr. pinera's promise of change, fighting crime, and creating jobs. he has also sworn to continue the highly popular social policies of the outgoing president. as she congratulated mr. pinner, she made clear this was an important moment in the country's progress out of the shadows of the sexeart violence of the past. bbc news, santiago. >> a year ago this week, barack obama entered washington in style, arriving by train on his journey. huge crowds gathered along the route to cheer on their new president, but as he deals with the gritty realities of presidency, we've retraced the whistle-stop tour to discover what the voters thought in baltimore. >> one year ago, they came out in their tens of thousands to
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see their man on his way to the white house. >> thousands of baltimorians braved temperatures that were just beyond frigid, stood for hours to get a glimpse of this african-american man that was achieving the great american dream. autopsy sexaw as i prepare to leave for washington on a trip that you made possible -- >> baltimore buzzed for days prior and for weeks after. >> i know that i will not be traveling alone. i'll be taking you with me. >> one year on, are the people still with their president? do the voters of baltimore, a largely black and democratic city, feel the same enthusiasm about the man they helped elect? >> we want to ask you, a year later, how do you think barack obama is doing? >> i'm a politician and pundit, cease a clear divide emerging
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between disillusioned white liberals and african-american loyalists. >> there is this call over and over again, whether we're talking about healthcare, whether we're talking about the ongoing wars in iraq and afghanistan, the african-american community feels like, the white community gives him more time. >> that's all it s. >> he can't change the world in one night. but he's working on it and he's doing a successful job to me. i really think he's going arrive here. >> in baltimore's cross street market, we found that opinion for ourselves. >> a year in, did you get what you wanted? >> well, yes and no. i would have preferred that he have more of a liberal agenda than he's had, but on the other hand, he is stuck with a snake's nest in washington. >> he is thoughtful. i'm not happy with afghanistan, but i don't see a way out either. >> the he hadtors of the "baltimore sun" newspaper are
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blunt, for their business and the wider economy, it's been a pretty lousy year. it's ground down much of that initial enthusiasm. >> the kind of excitement that they had has been tempered to a great extent. you know, the old line is that people campaign in poetry and governing, and that's probably more true of him than just about anyone else. >> they actual have the the highest foreclosure rate in the nation. >> this woman is dealing in pros, trying to keep families from losing their homes. obama, she says, has the right priorities, but still, too many people are falling through the cracks. >> whether they've fallen behind because they lost overtime or they've lost their jobs or they've had increased healthcare costs, increased prescription costs, medical judgments, we routinely see homeowners that have collections against them for medical collections. >> her center rebuilds neighborhoods, street by street. they're looking to the long term, and so is he. but how long can they be patient?
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in this economy, his strongest supporters are among those feeling most pain. >> hard to believe it's been one year already. a quick reminder of our main story this hour -- rescue and aid operations in haiti are still being severely restricted. thousands of u.s. troops are being sent on to the streets of port-au-prince to help the aid operation, also to keep security on the streets. do stay wusms>> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates jr., and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world. >> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can count on. >> for conversations beyond the sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerry washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community. >> bbc world news was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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